For months, Turkey’s agenda of Russian-made, which began in the delivery of S-400 air defense systems.
Ministry of Defense on Friday announced that it reached the first parts of Turkey.The ministry announced on Saturday that the shipment is continuing.
The ministry issued an announcement from the website, “Under the contract S-400 Long Range Regional Air and Missile Defense System first group of materials to be transferred to Mürted Airport / Ankara began on 12 July 2019” he said.
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Russia also confirmed the start of delivery.
Turkey, one reached an agreement with Russia to purchase the S-400 system option two.
Under the agreement reached, the Turkish Armed Forces will be in full control of the system.
The total cost of the agreement is calculated as $ 2.5 billion.
Turkey is ready to use along with the introduction of the system will be the first NATO member that uses the S-400.
The US had previously expressed concern about this agreement.
We have compiled the following about the S-400 system:
What are the technical specifications of the S-400 system?
As one of the best air defense systems in use in the world, the S-400 represents the fourth generation of the missile defense system that Russia began to develop during the Cold War.
The development of the S-400 began in 1993.However, it took quite a long time to complete due to budget cuts, particularly in the post-Cold War defense industry, and could only be developed as a continuation of the old system, not as a new technology.
Therefore, 70 to 80 percent of the technology used in the current system was taken from the previous model, the S-300.These include missile storage chests, launch ramps and radars.
The system started its tests at the end of 1999 and became operational in 2007.
This system is capable of destroying all types of manned or unmanned aircraft, as well as both cruise and ballistic missiles.Its maximum range is 400 kilometers and the highest altitude it can reach is 30 kilometers.
It can also hit 80 missiles simultaneously, locking two missiles at each target.
It is capable of destroying medium-range ballistic missiles launched from more than 3,500 kilometers away.
A missile in the system weighs 1.8 tons, eight meters in length and about 50 centimeters in diameter.It can also carry warheads up to 145 kilograms.
How does the system work?
The long-range tracking radar tracks airborne objects and sends incoming information to the command vehicle.Potential targets are evaluated between command
After defining target, the command vehicle decides to launch the missile
Ejection data is sent to the launch vehicle in the best position relative to the target, and land-to-air missiles are sent from there
Engagement radar helps the missile reach its target
Where is the S-400 system used?
The S-400 system was first commissioned in 2007 to be used in defense of the capital Moscow.
Later, however, it was deployed at some critical points, particularly in line with Russia’s foreign policy.
One of them is the Russian air base in Tartus, Syria.In 2015, Russia deployed the S-400 missile defense system to protect both its own and the Syrian government’s navy and weather elements.
In November 2016, the Moscow administration deployed a missile defense system and Alexander missiles to Kaliningrad, which belonged to Russia on the Baltic Sea coast but had no connection with the mainland.At that time, the US criticized this decision as a “step towards destabilizing Europe”.
Russia also annexed the Ukraine in the Crimea, the S-400 missile defense system.
Recently, Russia has started to make agreements with various countries to sell this missile defense system.Russia signed an agreement to sell six battalions to China in 2015 and five battalions to India in 2016 for $ 6 billion.A battalion consists of eight launchers.
S-400‘Victory’Air DefenseSystem Kunit:
Almaz-Antey gun company
Moscow, Syria, Kaliningrad, Crimea
Date of Use
4.8 km per second
Maximum Target Altitude
Aircraft, cruise missile, medium range missiles, UAV and other aerial monitoring systems
Turkey why it insisted that the S-400 system?
Turkey, a long time wanted to establish an air defense system of its own.He has made several attempts before.
First, in 2015 opened a tender to purchase long-range missile defense system.The tender was won by a Chinese company for $ 3.4 billion and the company has also agreed to transfer the technology to Turkey.
However, at that time, the US and NATO reacted to this tender was later canceled.
Following the cancellation of the tender Turkey, he began negotiations for the missile defense system in different countries.
At that time, the US defense company Lockheed Martin and the European missile joint venture group MBDA developed Mid-Range Air Defense System (MEADS) came up with the acquisition.In November 2016, it was announced that negotiations were held with Russia for the S-400.
Former Defense Minister Intellectual Light, said in a statement in April 2017 Turkey’s “urgent” that needs air defense system and as a NATO member that first try to eliminate this requirement in the alliance, but said that it go to different quest on is not possible.
He also said that NATO member states “do not submit a financially effective proposal”.
a consensus on the proposals of compromise and Turkey started talks with NATO allies and Russia had agreed to purchase the S-400.
Turkey also has also plans to develop its own missile defense system.
What is known about the details of the agreement between Turkey and Russia?
The Russian defense industry company Rostec announced that the price of the agreement is $ 2.5 billion.
Under the agreement, two systems and four batteries will be purchased from Russia announced.
Turkey to buy the system is not compatible with NATO’s defense system.In addition, NATO, some restrictions also apply in areas where defense for Turkey.
These restrictions include Turkey in this style missile system is taking place in Armenia and not to deploy a point close to the border with Greece.
this style of Russia to Turkey is not expected to impose any restriction.
Do US sanctions come up?
Turkey S-400 about to take a step back on purchases have begun to take some concrete steps towards the United States and Turkey.
US defense company Lockheed Martin was taken by developed and put Turkey’s contribution to the production of the new generation of F-35 warplanes to suspend deliveries to Turkey.
Turkish pilots who received F-35 training in the USA have also been suspended.
Turkey, within the scope of the F-35 program was going to buy 100 F-35s.However, the US Department of Defense Pentagon suspended the sales agreement after Ankara did not back down on the purchase of the S-400.
There are also new possible sanctions on the agenda of the delivery of the S-400s.
In June, Defense Minister Hulusi area wrote a letter addressed to the mites, former US Secretary of Defense attorney Patrick Shanahan, “S-case 400 to be delivered to the US Congress determined to apply sanctions against Turkey,” he said.
It is stated that the sanctions in question will come to the agenda within the scope of the ‘Law on Combating Sanctions with US Enemies ((CAATSA) which was put into force in 2017.
Why is NATO reacting to this agreement?
When it becomes operational in hand ready to use the S-400 system, which will be the only NATO member Turkey.
However, Greece already has Russian-made S-300 missiles, the previous version.Greece purchased these missiles from Southern Cyprus, which is not a NATO member.
The United States and other NATO members oppose this agreement in two ways.Firstly, it warns from a military point of view that this system will not be compatible with NATO systems, which in practice may cause some difficulties.
Experts have found that each of NATO’s integrated air defense system S-400 and the cost of Turkey’s purchasing, quality and technology transfer are expressed as likely to bring many technical problems.
In addition, some technical details about NATO systems of Russia;There is also concern that some information about Russia’s defense system will be received by NATO.
The second reason for the objection is political reasons.upon the completion of this acquisition it is stated that Turkey could also be interpreted as a step taken in order to redefine their relationship with NATO.